Cancer

What is Cancer ?

Cancer is a class of disease which includes collection of more than hundred diseases affecting various parts of body. A cancer is a disease in which a cell or group of cells grows beyond a normal limit destructing other tissues of the body and even some time spreads in the different parts of body via blood supply.

Causes of Cancer :-

Cancers are mainly environmental disease. Cancers are caused mainly due to the following habits included in our today’s lifestyles:

  • Lack of physical activity
  • Stress and environment pollutants
  • Excessive Weight
  • Intake of tobacco
  • Practice good hygiene

The above factor causes imbalances in genetic material of cells which results in death due to cancer.

Common Types of Cancer :-

Breast Cancer – it is a most common cancer among women. Breast cancer occurs when a tumor is formed by the cells within the breast. The most common reasons of breast cancer found in women are-:

  • Family or personnel history
  • With growing Age
  • Regular Consumption of Alcohol
  • Women who chooses not to have children even after the age of 30 are more prone to this disease.

Skin Cancer:-

  • Over exposure to UV rays is a most common reason behind skin cancer via direct or indirect DNA damage.
  • Excessive intake of tobacco and other related products.
  • Deficiency in certain minerals and vitamins can even cause skin cancer.

Lung cancer- in lung cancer cancerous cells develops in the tissue of lungs. Most common causes of lung cancer-

  • Excessive and continuous smoking
  • Family history
  • Excessive drinking
  • Exposure to radiations

Person suffering from lung cancer will face continuous cough and wheezing and even bloody phlegm. The person will suffer from continuous pain in chest, shoulders and other parts of body and even feel shortness of breath.

Blood Cancer (leukemia)- it is a cancer of bone marrow and blood. It affects blood forming cells in the body. It causes an abundance of white blood cells in the body. Following are the causes of leukemia:

  • Excessive smoking
  • With the growing Age
  • Through blood transfusion of infected person or using same syringe used by infected person.
  • Through sexual contact or through mother to child.
  • Person suffering from blood disorder.

Prevention of Cancer :-

  • Stop smoking immediately.
  • Having diet rich in fruits and green vegetables
  • Maintaining Healthy Weight
  • Proper and timely vaccinations
  • Use of sunscreen and protective clothing can reduce risk of affecting by UV rays.
  • Increasing physical Activities in day to day routine.