What is Cholestrol ?

Cholesterol is a fatlike, waxy steroid substance found in the membrane of every cell in the body (including muscles, skin, liver, heart and brain). Most of the cholesterol is generated by the liver, while the remaining comes from our daily diet. Body uses Cholesterol to produce steroid hormones, bile acids, Vitamin A, D and E.

Cholesterol is carried in the blood by molecules called lipoproteins ( fat and protein). There are below three type of lipoproteins:-

  1. LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein)
  2. HDL (High Density Lipoprotein)
  3. Triglycerides

What are the Levels of Cholestrol ?

LDL cholesterol levels

  1. Less than 100 mg/dL: optimal/Ideal
  2. 100 - 129 is near optimal
  3. 130 - 159 is borderline high
  4. Above 160- High

HDL levels

  1. Less than 40 is higher risk for heart disease
  2. Above 60 reduce heart disease.

Total cholesterol levels 

  1. Less than 200 mg/dL: desirable/Ideal
  2. 200 - 239 is borderline high
  3. 240 and above is risky

A blood test known as a lipid panel is usually the way cholesterol is checked. 

Main Causes High Cholestrol:-

  1. By Eating a diet that is high in saturated fats and cholesterol, some of these foods include, red meat, eggs and shellfishes
  2. Excessive smoking and alcohol consumption
  3. Heredity factors