H1N1 Swine Flu

 

What is Regular flu/ Seasonal Flu:-

   
 
Seasonal flu occurs annually and characteristics of flu can vary from time to time, which is why there is a different flu vaccine developed each year to combat seasonal flu. It is caused by influenza viruses that have been interacting with humans for many years. The immune system of most people has been exposed to the influenza virus at some time in their lives. Having already been exposed to the seasonal flu, in some form, the body is able to recognize, and can mount a quick immune response when it encounters the seasonal flu again. The regular flu comes from strains of the virus that come from humans
   
  Common Precautions from Regular flu:-
  • Get a Vaccine annually
  • Practice good hygiene
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after you cough or sneeze
 

What is Swine Flu (H1N1):-

 

Influenza A (H1N1) is an influenza virus, which has been reported as a cause of illness and death in people. It was earlier known as Swine Flu. Originating in Mexico in April 2009, the virus has since spread to many countries worldwide. Early laboratory testing showed that many genes in this virus were similar to those found in pigs of North America, which is why the illness was originally called Swine Flu. Later on, further tests proved that this virus has gene segments from the swine, avian and human flu virus genes. This led scientists to discard the previous name and rename the virus the 'Influenza-A (H1N1) Virus'.  Swine Flu .

 

What are H and N: -

 

HN (Hemagglutinin and Neuraminidase) refers to a single viral protein that has both hemagglutinin and neuraminidase activity. This is in contrast to the proteins found in influenza, where both functions exist but in two separate proteins.

 

Symptoms of H1N1:-

 

The symptoms of Influenza A (H1N1) are similar to the symptoms of regular seasonal flu. People who have this illness may experience fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. Some patients have also reported diarrhea and vomiting.

The flu virus is thought to spread from person to person through droplets that come out of an infected person's nose or mouth when he/she sneezes or coughs. Pigs have nothing to do with this disease. Pork products are absolutely safe if properly cooked and culling of pigs is not needed.

The H1N1 Flu Virus is difficult to distinguish from regular strains of the flu simply because the symptoms are very similar.

  Common Symptoms:-
  • Fever (not always)
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Running Nose
  • Headache
  • Vomiting (not always)
  Commons Precautions:- 

Here are some precautions to prevent contraction of the virus -
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Discard the tissue after use.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after you cough or sneeze.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth as germs may spread this way.
  • stay away from close contact with people having respiratory illnesses.
  • If one displays influenza like symptoms, one must limit contact with others by staying at home. However, in case of respiratory distress, one should visit a nearby hospital without delay.
  • Take care of your health. Get plenty of sleep, exercise regularly, manage stress, drink plenty of liquids and eat wholesome food.
  Difference between regular and H1N1 flu:-
  • The regular flu comes from strains of the virus that come from humans. Swine flu is a specific strain that has animal origin (from pigs). This is a combination of human, avian and swine flu and is much rarer.
  • Within few days of exposure (H1N1), it is possible to become the most serious complication of the swine flu. The H1N1 virus actually lowers your lungs' ability to supply enough oxygen to your body.
  • The regular flu virus is more active during autumn and winter however swine flu can infect throughout the year.
  • The regular flu is easier to treat than swine flu because our body exposed to the regular flu and our immune system fights against it however it’s not the case in swine flu.
  • If one displays influenza like symptoms, one must limit contact with others by staying at home. However, in case of respiratory distress, one should visit a nearby hospital without delay.
  • 5. Experts say still few symptoms are different from regular flu and those are: - A rash, Trouble breathing, mental disorientation, inability to keep liquids down.
 

It is highly recommended That you should seek the advice from experts and doctors in case of fever. Based on their examination of your condition, they are qualified to order the H1N1 diagnostic test which requires nothing more than a mouth or nose swab to be taken from you. A blood test is not required. Also it is advisable that you should consider getting the H1N1 vaccination.

 

Rajasthan H1N1Control center:-

Name, Address and Telephone No. of the Hospital where Isolation Care and Treatment Facility for H1N1 is available.

Name, Address and Contact Details (Fax, Landline, Mobile, Email Address) of Nodal Officer of the Hospital.

 

Isolation Hospital(SMS),

 Superintendent,
Isolation Hospital (SMS),
Jaipur,
Phone: 0141-2518334


Incharge,
Isolation Hospital,
Rajasthan,