Heart Attack

What is Heart Attack ?

Heart disease is a very common found in today’s busy and stress full life of people. Heart attack occurs when a part of heart muscle gets damaged or dies because of reduced or loss of blood supply to the heart. Blockage due to collection of fatty acids in one or more of human being coronary arteries is a cause of reduction in the blood supply and oxygen to the heart and body.

When Fats and cholesterol accumulate inside coronary arteries ( blood vessels), one or more of the coronary arteries becomes partially or totally blocked and the heart does not get an proper blood supply. Less blood supply causes Heart Attack.

Symptoms

  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Feeling of Nausea, Vomiting, or excessive sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Neck or Back pain
  • Feeling weak & faint

Precautions

  • Intake a healthy diet, low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fibers.
  • Control high or low blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol level.
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a proper and healthy weight
  • Indulge yourself in more of physical activity
  • Stop drinking Alcohol and stop smoking immediately

Tests Available for Coronary Artery Disease

Your doctor can suggest you the following tests to detect heart muscle damage and the level of blockage in Arteries : -

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG) - It will measure the regularity and activity of your heart beat .
  • Chest X- RAY – it will depict picture of chest, lungs and other organs of body .
  • Echocardiogram – It uses ultrasound technique to depict functioning of heart .
  • Coronary Angiogram - It monitors the blockage and flow of blood through heart .

What is Angiography ?

Angiography is a  medical imaging technique or medical test that helps physicians diagnose of the blood vessels or heart chambers, arteries and veins. In short Coronary angiography is an X-ray examination of the blood vessels or chambers of the heart.

Angiography is performed using x-rays with catheters, during this test a very small tube (catheter) is inserted inside the artery of the leg (near the thigh crease) or upper thigh (groin area) or arm. A special radio-opaque dye/a fluid (contrast medium) is injected down the tube to make the coronary arteries show up on an X ray. X-ray pictures are taken from fluoroscopy monitor as the fluid passes along the blood vessels. This whole procedure usually takes approximately one and half hour.

Catheter angiography is used to examine blood vessels in the body; it includes brain, neck, legs, lungs, kidneys, heart etc.

Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique to obtain real-time moving images of the internal structures of a person on to the monitor.

What is Angioplasty ?

In any time there are two ways to treat narrowed or blocked artery. One is surgery and second is angioplasty with stent placement.

Coronary angioplasty is a mechanical procedure used to expand blocked or narrowed (Blocked by fatty material called plaque) coronary artery by using high pressure narrow balloon catheter (inserted either from the elbow or groin) so it is also called “ balloon angioplasty”. Besides balloon angioplasty another technique is also available called “laser angioplasty” in which a laser beam is used to remove artery blockage.

What is Heart Surgery/Bypass Surgery?

Bypass Surgery is a term used to refer Coronary Artery Bypass Graft or CABG, pronounced cabbage. This surgery is done to by-pass clogged coronary arteries (which supply blood to the heart) and improves the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscles. It creates a ‘bypass’ and reroute blood around clogged coronary arteries.

CABG is a major heart operation of by passing the clogged arteries in the heart by putting veins, removed either from patients legs or any other part of the body so that blood can flow through the new arteries to the heart the way it should.