In vitro fertilization (IVF)

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) refers to several variations tailored technique to achieve pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial methods. It is reproductive technology used primarily in infertility treatments. Few ART techniques Are:-

  1. In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  2. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
  3. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
  4. Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
  5. Donor egg or embryo
  6. Surrogacy

IVF is a major treatment in infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed.

What is IVF ?

IVF stands for “In vitro” fertilization. IVF is a process by which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the body in vitro (in the lab/Glass ). Subsequently, the resulting embryo is then transferred to the woman's uterus and pregnancy is allowed to begin.

It is a major treatment in infertility when many other methods of ART (assisted reproductive technology) have failed. The process involves superovulation, egg retrieval, fertilization, embryo culture, and embryo transfer. So this is a final common pathway, since it allows the doctor to bypass nature's hurdles and overcome its inefficiency.

Who needs to choose IVF?

  1. Woman who has blocked fallopian tubes
  2. Male who has low sperm count
  3. Ovarian issues which prevent the release or production of eggs
  4. Abnormal uterus shape, fibroid tumors, or exposure to diethylstilbestrol as a fetus.

What is Success rate of IVF ?

The success rate depends on couples' fertility problems and ages. In general younger women usually have healthier eggs and higher success rates.

Test Required for IVF ?

Certain tests are required before anyone can proceed with IVF treatment. Some of these tests are common to every IVF patient regardless of the treatment option they choose. These are the infectious contagious disease tests including:

  • HbsAg, Anti-HCV and Anti-HIV tests both for the male and the female partner.

Test Recommended for patients undergoing IVF

  1. FSH: Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
  2. LH: The Luitenizing Hormone (LH)
  3. E2:
  4. PRL: